VARZI VIVA Cultural Association|
Monuments and history
The Malaspina Castle and, below, the family's coat-of-arms
(© by Pietro G. Marchetti)
Varzi can boast a very
well preserved medieval historic centre, with fortifications, narrow alleys and porches
which witness the towns role in the past as a transit and stop station for caravans
and convoys following the so called salt road, from the Ligurian Sea to the
Lombardy Plain. Such valuable goods, as well as spices, precious fabrics and so on, were
in fact carried along these valleys. At Varzi duties were paid to the powerful local
lords, for a long time the Marquises Malaspina, who drew their feudal rights straight from
the German Emperor. Varzi also includes some interesting buildings dating back to the
Rossi's Church: Varzesi's lighthouse.
Malaspina Castle and Witches Tower.
Towers of the fortified
old town: Upper Gate or Clock Tower and Lower Gate Tower.
Churches: Capuchin Friars Church (romanesque - a National
Monument dating back to the 12th-13th centuries), Parish Church (1500), the baroque Reds (1636) and Whites
(1724), later Malaspina of Pregola House, since 1926 the Town Hall; Leveratto-Mangini
House (1700), Giacobone House (1700).
Porches: via di Dentro, via Porta Nuova, via Roma, via del Mercato, Vicolo dietro
le Mura, Vicolo del Voltone.
Pictoresque alleys: via
Maiolica, via della Piazzola, via della Scaletta, vicolo Odetti, vicolo del Moro.
(*)Castle at Pietragavina;Brotherhood
Temple at Cella; Tourist Church at (*)San Martino;
castle ruins at (*)Cella, (*)Nivione,
Monteforte; (*)Church at Bosmenso (1000); typical villages:
Carro, Monteforte, (*)Castellaro, Cella, (*)Sagliano, Santa Cristina, Casa Bertella, Caposelva, (*)Bognassi, Rosara.
Guagnini, I Malaspina di Val di Staffora; De Battisti, Storia di
Varzi; Fiori, I Malaspina)
(*) Italian Version