Varzi is a Commune with
3,497 inhabitants as of 31 December 2002 (ca. 1,800 living in the town itself), situated in
the province of Pavia, in the region of Lombardy, Italy.
The Commune comprises
over twenty minor villages, such as Nivione, Caposelva, Casa Bertella, Castellaro, Cella
di Varzi, Monteforte, Bosmenso, Carro, San Martino, Pietragavina, Rosara, Albareto,
Sagliano, Santa Cristina, Bognassi, Casa Fiori, Casa Cabano, Casa Boriani, Cavagnolo,
The Comunità Montana
dellOltrepò Pavese is also based in Varzi.
Varzi is more precisely
located in the Oltrepò Pavese district (literally, Land-beyond-the-Po), the
southernmost tip of Lombardy wedging itself between Piedmont and Emilia Romagna almost to
Varzi lies in the hills
(Appennines), at 416 mt a.s.l.; the Staffora, a right-hand tributary of the Po, flows
through the town. Varzi is situated almost halfway along the Staffora valley.
coordinates: latitude 44.49°N, longitude 9.12°E.
Geological data: Varzi
sits on clay extending particularly west, while at the north-east clay is alternated with
mitigated by its relative height, which assures pleasant coolness during the Summer
nights. Since the sea is only some 80 kms away, Varzi also benefits from healthy see
breezes, blowing down the valley.
Etymology: although some
associate the name of Varzi with the latin varicum, i.e. pass, the
name is more likely derived from the Ligurian var, meaning water,